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 Den Trettonde Stammen

av

Arthur Koestler

 

Noter

1.Uppgång

2.Omvändelse

3.Nedgång

4. Fall

5. Uttåg

6. Varifrån

7. Motströmmar

8. Ras och myt

 

 

 

I Uppgång

1 Konstantin Porfyrogenitus, De Caeromoniis I, s 690.
2 Bury, J. B. (1912), s 402.
3 Dunlop, D. M. (1954), s IX X.
4 Bartha, A. (1968), s 35.
5 Poliak, A. N. (1951).
6 Cassel, P. (1876).
7 Bartha, s 24.
8 Bartha, s 24 och noter.
9 Bartha, s 24, not 147 49.
10 Istoria Khazar, 1962.
11 IbnSaid al Maghribi, citeras av Dunlop, s 11.
12 Schultze (1905), s 23, citeras av Dunlop, s 182.
13 Marquart, s 44, not 4, citeras av Dunlop, s 182.
14 Citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 96.
15 Ibn al Balkhi, Fars Namah .
16 Gibbon, Vol. V, s 87 8.
17 Moses från Kalankatuk, citeras av Dunlop, s 29.
18 Artamonov, M. I. (1962).
19 Obolensky, D. (1971), s 172.
20 Gibbon, s 79.
21 Gibbon, s 180.
22 Gibbon, s 182.
23 Op cit, s 176.
24 Zeki Validi, Exk. 36a.
25 Ibid, s 50.
26 Ibid, s 61.
27 Istakhri.
28 Al Masudi, citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 207.
29 Ibn Hawkal. Även Istakhri (som anger antalet trädgårdar till 4 000).

261

30 Muqaddasi, s 355, citeras av Baron III, s 197.
31 Toynbee, A. (1973), s 549.
32 Zeki Validi, s 120.
33 Citeras av Bartha, s 184.
34 Bartha, s 139.
35 Citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 231.
36 Bartha, s 143 45.
37 Låszlö, G. (1974), s 66E
37a Citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 206.
38 Hudud el Alam, nr 50.
38a Al Masudi, citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 206 07.
39 Op cit, s 405.
40 St. tulien, Documents sur les Tou Kioue, citeras av Zeki Validi, s 269.
41 Cassel, op cit, s 52.
41a, b, c Istakhri, citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 97 8. 42 Ibn Hawkal, s 189 90. 43 Op cit, s 405.

 

II Omvändelse

1 Bury, op cit, s 401
2 Ibid, s 406.
3 Sharf, A. (1971), s 61.
3a Citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 89.
4 Ibid, s 84.
5 Citeras av Sharf, s 88.
6 The Vision of Daniel, en krönika i form av en urgammal profetia. Citeras av Sharf, s 201.
7 Citeras av Poliak, 4/3, Dunlop, s 119.
8 Poliak (4/3), citat ur Chwolson, D. A. (1865).
9 Poliak, 4/3; Baron III, s 210 och not 47.
10 Poliak, loc cit.
11 Citeras av Marquart (1903), s 6.
12 Citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 90.
13 Bury, op cit, s 408.
14 Sharf, s 100 not.
15 Bury, s 406 not.
16 Dunlop (1954), s 227.

262

17 Baron, S. W. (1957), Vol. III, s 201f
18 Dunlop, s 220.
19 Citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 12.

 

III Nedgång

1 I hans artikel "Khazars" i Encyclopaedia Britannica 1973.
2 Op cit, s 177.
3 Bar Hebraeus och al Manbiji, citeras av Dunlop, s 181.
4 Marquart (s 5, 416), Dunlop (s 42 not) och Bury (s 408) anger olika tidpunkter.
5 Bartha, s 27E
6 Op cit, s 547.
7 Op cit, s 446 not.
8 Toynbee, s 446; Bury, s 422 not.
9 Gardezi (omkr 1050) återger en äldre skildring av Ibn Rusta (omkr 905), citeras av Macartney, C. A. (1930), s 213.
10 The Penguin Atlas of Mediamal History, 1961, s 58.
l0a Al Masudi, citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 209.
11 Toynbee, s 446.
12 Zeki Validi, s 85E
13 Ibn Rusta, citeras av Macartney, s 214.
14 Loc cit.
15 Ibn Rusta, citeras av Macartney, s 215.
16 Ibid, s 214 15.
17 Op cit, s I.
18 Ibid, s V.
19 Toynbee, s 419; Macartney, s 176.
20 Toynbee, s 418.
21 Ibid, s 454.
22 Loc cit.
23 De Administrando , kap 39 40.
24 Toynbee, s 426.
25 Op cit, s 426.
26 Op cit, s 427.
27 Macartney, s 127E

263

28 Baron, Vol. III, s 211f, 332.
29 Bartha, s 99, 113.
30 Citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 105.
31 Jfr Bury, s 424.
32 Macartney, Guillemain.
33 Citeras av Macartney, s 71.
34 Loc cit.
35 The Annals of Admont, citeras av Macartney, s 76.
36 De Administrdndo, kap 40.
37 Macartney, s 123.
38 Ibid, s 122.
39 Ibid, s 123.
40 Citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 262.
41 Bury, s 419f
42 Op cit, s 448.
43 Ibid, s 447.
44 Op cit, s 422.
45 Toynbee, s 448.
46 Russian Chronicle (Nestorskrönikan), s 65.
47 Toynbee, s 504.
48 Loc cit.
49 Russian Chronicle, s 82.
50 Ibid, s 83.
51 Ibid, s 72.
52 Ibid, s 84.
53 Bury, s 418.

 

IV Fall

1 Russian Chronicle, s 84.
2 Dunlop (1954), s 238.
2a Citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 210.
2b Citeras av Dunlop (1954), s 211 12.
3 Citeras av Zeki Validi.
4 Rvssian Chronicle, s 84
5 Ibid, s 84.
6 Toynbee, op cit, s 451.
7 Russian Chronicle, s 94.

8 Ibid, s 97.

264

9 Ibid, s 97.
10 Ibid, s 98.
11 Ibid, s 111.
12 Ibid, s 112.
13 Vernadsky, G. (1948), s 29, 33.
14 De Administrdndo , kap 10 12.
15 Toynbee, s 508.
16 Bury, op cit, s 414.
17 Op cit, s 250.
18 Citeras av Dunlog (1954), s 245.
19 Zeki Validi, s 206.
20 Ahmad Tusi (1100 talet), citeras av Zeki Validi, s 205.
21 Dunlog (1954), s 249.
22 Baron, Vol. N, s 174.
23 Citeras av Dunlog (1954), s 251.
24 Kievo Pechersjii Paterik, citeras av Baron, Vol. N, s 192.
25 Citeras av Dunlog (1954), s 260.
26 Citeras av Zeki Validi, s 143.
27 Ibid, s XXVII.
28 Dunlog (1954), s 261.
29 Vernadsky, s 44.
30 Poliak, kap VII.
31 Loc cit.
32 Baron, Vol. III, s 204.
33 Baron, loc cit.

 

V Uttåg

1 Baron, Vol. III, s 206.
2 Ibid, s 212.
3 Anomini Gester Hungrimmm, citeras av Macartney, s 188E
4 UniversalJemishEncyclopaedia,artikel'Teka".
5 Dunlog (1954), s 262.
6 Poliak, kap IX.
7 Baron, Vol. III, s 206.
8 Poliak, kap IX.
9 Poliak, kap VII; Baron, Vol. III, s 218 och not.

265

10 Brutzkus, Unhendjmåh Encyc~, artikel "Chasaren".
11 Schiper, citeras av Poliak.
12 Poliak, kap IX.
13 Baron, Vol. III, s 217 och not.
14 Poliak, kap IX.
15 Ibid.
16 Ibid.
17 Citeras av Poliak, kap IX.
18 Zajaczkowski, citeras av Dunlop, s 222.
19 Veltulani, A. (1962), s 278.
20 Poliak, op cit; Kutschera, H (1910).
21 Vetulani, s 274.
22 Vetulani, s 276 77; Baron, Vol. III, s 218 och noter; Poliak, op cit.
23 Baron, Vol. III, s 219.
24 Poliak, kap VII.
25 Encyclopaedia ffi~tannica 1973, artikel "Yiddish Literature".
26 Op cit, kap III.
27 Ibid.
28 Ibid.
29 Zborowski, M., och Herzog, E. (1952), s 41.
30 Poliak, kap III.
31 Ibid, kap VII.
32 Ibid, kap III.

 

VI Varifrån

1 Enligt Williams of Malmesbury De gestis regum Anglorum, citeras av Baron, Vol. N, s 277.
2 Baron, Vol. IV, s 75 6.
3 Citeras av Baron, Vol. N, s 77.
4 Roth, C. (1973).
5 Roth, loc cit.
6 Baron, Vol. IV, s 271.
7 Ibid, s 73.
8 Kutschera, s 233.
9 14 uppl, VI, s 772, artikel "Crusades".
10 Baron, Vol. N, s 97.

266

11 Ibid, s 104.
12 Ibid, s 105, 292 not.
13 Dubnov, S. (1926), s 427.
14 Ibid, s 428.
15 Baron, Vol. N, s 129.
16 Ibid, s 119.
17 Ibid, s 116.
18 Mieses, M. (1924), s 275.
19 Ibid, s 274 74.
20 Ibid, s 273.
21 Kutschera, s 235 36, 241.

 

VII Motströmmar

1 Vetulani, loc cit.
2 Mieses, s 292 92.
3 Universal, jewish En£yclopaedia, Vol X, s 512.
4 Fuhrmann (1727), citeras av Mieses, s 279.
5 Mieses, loc cit.
6 Smith, H., Proc. V, s 65E
7 Mieses, s 211.
8 Ibid, s 269.
9 Ibid, s 272.
10 Ibid, s 272.
11 Smith, op cit, s 66.
12 Kutschera, s 244.
13 Kutschera, s 243.
14 Poliak, kap IX.
15 Citeras av Poliak, loc cit.
16 Poliak, loc cit.
17 Roth, loc cit.
18 Roth, loc cit.
19 Ibid.

 

VIII Ras och myt

1 Poliak, op cit, Appendix III.
2 Engclopaedia Britannica (1973), Vol. XII, s 1054.
3 Comas, J. (1958), s 31 2.
4 Ripley, W. (1900), s 377.

267

5 Ibid, s 378E
6 Fishberg, M (1911), s 37.
7 Fishberg, kapitel II.
8 Patai, op cit.
9 Comas, p. 30.
10 Fishberg, s 63.
11 Citeras av Fishberg, s 63.
12 Patai, op cit, s 1054.
13 Shapiro, H. (1953), s 74 5.
14 Fishberg, s 181.
15 1 Kon. XL1.
16 Citeras av Fishberg, s 186 7.
17 Fishberg, s 189 not 2.
18 Comas, s 31.
19 Toynbee (1947), s 138.
20 Graetz, op cit, Vol. II, s 213.
21 Ibid., Vol. III, s 40 1.
22 Fishberg, s 79.
23 Renan (1883), s
24. 24 Fishberg, s 79.
25 Ripley, s 394E
26 Fishberg, s 83, citat ur Luschan.
27 Fishberg, s 83.
28 Ripley, s 395.
29 Leiris, M (1958), s 11, 12.
30 Fishberg, s 513.
31 Fishberg, s 332E
32 Shapiro, H. (1953), s 80.
33 T ex Kerr och Reid, citeras av Fishberg s 274 5.
34 Ripley, s 398.
35 Fishberg, s 178.
36 Loc cit. 

 
 
 

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